Flu 101: What You Need to Know

What is the flu?

Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu virus. There are two types of flu: type A and type B.

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Flu can be a mild to severe illness which can cause hospitalization or death. Vulnerable populations are more at risk; these include young children, older adults, and those with certain health conditions.

Symptoms

Symptoms typically come on suddenly and most people experience the following:

  • Fever or feeling feverish/chills

  • Cough or sore throat

  • Stuffy or runny nose

  • Muscle or body aches

  • Headaches

  • Fatigue

  • Vomiting or diarrhea (more common in children)

 
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How do I protect myself against the flu?

  • Get the flu vaccine

  • Limit close contact with those who are sick

  • Wash your hands and disinfect surfaces

  • Stay home if you are experiencing symptoms

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth

Who should get the vaccine?

Everyone 6 months and older should get the flu vaccine each year, especially people who are considered high risk.

Getting vaccinated in the early fall is best because it takes about 2 weeks for antibodies to develop and offer protection against the flu virus.

JCHD DEBUNKERS: Flu Myths

In this episode of "JCHD DEBUNKERS", our team answers the age old question...does the flu vaccine give you the flu? We also hit the streets in Jefferson County to test the knowledge of the public!